How to Read Your Bill

Whether you buy your energy from an energy service company or from Orange & Rockland, you’ll get your charges on one itemized bill. The three main components of your gas and electric costs are supply, delivery, and taxes.

Supply
We buy the energy you use in the competitive, wholesale supply market. We pass our costs on to you, without taking a profit—what we pay, you pay. If you purchase energy from an Energy Service Company, you’ll see your cost-savings in the unregulated supply portion of your bill.

Delivery
Delivery rates are set by state regulatory agencies and aren’t subject to market changes. This revenue lets us maintain and upgrade our electric and gas distribution systems, and keep our service safe and reliable.

Taxes
Local, state, and federal taxes are applied to both the supply and delivery portions of your energy bill.

Energy Cost Breakdown

Understanding the Charges on Your Bill

Basic Service Charge covers the cost of metering (residential only), billing, and other customer services. This charge may include a minimum usage cost and is billed whether or not you use any energy.

Delivery Charge reflects the cost of delivering energy to your home or business. For Rockland Electric customers, delivery charges are called distribution and transmission charges.

Billing Charge (O&R nonretail access gas and electric customers only) reflects the costs of issuing bills, call center functions, and processing of customer payments.

Merchant Function Charge (O&R nonretail access gas and electric customers only) reflects costs associated with sourcing and storing natural gas and electricity, as well as credit and collections activities.

Metering Charge (nonresidential customers only) reflects costs associated with metering, meter reading, and data management.

Energy Cost Adjustment recovers costs related to Orange & Rockland and Rockland Electric Company's purchase agreements from nonutility sources and other generation sources.

SBC/RPS: System Benefits Charge recovers the cost of mandated energy efficiency, environmental protection, and low-income assistance programs.


Government Surcharges
 (O&R only) include New York State and local taxes, such as state income tax, the Gross Receipts Tax, and local and village taxes, where applicable.

Market Supply Charge (O&R only) recovers all costs from purchasing electricity in the open market for customers who do not have an alternate energy supplier.

Basic Generation Service Charge recovers all the costs from purchasing electricity in the open market for customers who do not have an alternate energy supplier.

Supplier's Electric or Gas Charges reflect the cost of energy supply. This section will appear on your bill only if you receive electric and/or gas supply from an alternate energy supplier.

Gas Supply Charge (O&R only) reflects the monthly charges the company pays for purchasing gas supply on behalf of customers who do not have an alternate supplier.

GIP Tax (O&R retail access customers only) is the New York State Gas Import Tax on all natural gas imported into the state.

Gas Balancing Charge is the amount charged by O&R for its gas storage and delivery facilities. It accounts for the difference between the amount of gas provided by your alternate gas supplier and your actual usage during the billing period.

Gas Cost Rate (PCL&P only) reflects billing adjustments approved and regulated by the state's regulatory commission to accommodate the changing cost of fuel. This charge is computed by multiplying the approved rate by the amount of energy used.

STAS (PCL&P only): State Tax Adjustment Surcharge is for any adjustments to electric and gas rates that reflect changes in various Pennsylvania state taxes.

Transition Bond Charge (Rockland Electric only) is a charge to recover costs previously incurred by Rockland Electric to serve customers in a regulated environment.